TextBook of Fish Biology & Fisheries 3/ed
TextBook of Fish Biology & Fisheries 3/ed
by Khanna/Singh
Year 2014
Paperback/Hardbound Paperback
ISBN 10 9384337129
ISBN 13 9789384337124
Language English
Outside India Price USD 75.95
Priceर 625.00 र 531.00
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Published in Year '2014'
Book Details
Untitled Document 1. CHARACTERS AND CLASSIFICATION

Introduction, Classification (Berg; Romer; Bertin and Arambourg; Greenwood et al. Lauder and Liem, and Pough et al.), Classification of Teleostei, Questions and Answers

2. OSTRACODERMS AND PLACODERMS

Euphanerida, Pteraspida (Heterostraci), Anaspida, Cephalaspida, The Coelolepida, Origin and Interrelationship of Ostracoderms, Placoderms: The Palaeozoic fishes, Acanthodii, Coccostei. (Arthrodira), Pterichthyes (Antiarchi), Stegoselachii, Palaeospondyli; Questions and Answers

3. CYCLOSTOMES

Petromyzontia, Myxinoidea, Biology of Petromyzon, External Features, Skeleton, Alimentary Canal, Respiratory Organs, Blood Vascular System, Brain and Sense Organs, Reproduction and Spawning, Ammocoete Larva, Structure, Feeding, Metamorphosis; Lampreys and Hagfishes, Affinities of Cyclostomes, Similarities With Amphioxus, Primitive Characters of Cyclostomes, Specialised Characters of Cyclostomes, Relationship with Fishes, Relationship with Ostracoderms; Questions and Answers

4. CHONDRICHTHYES

Distinguishing features The Earliest Elasmobranchs, The Sharks and Rays Pleurotremata and Hypotremata, The Holocephali, Salient Features, Endoskeleton, Respiratory Organs, Heart and Kidneys, Reproductive Organs, Brain and Sense Organs, Affinities of Holocephali, Characters Showing Affinity With Elasmobranchs, Characters Showing Resemblances With Teleosts, Specialised Characters of Holocephali; Questions and Answers

5. TELEOSTOMES

Osteichthyes, Crossopterygii, Rhipidistia, Actinistia (Coelacanthiformes), Salient features of Latimeria (Coelacanth), Significance and Phylogeny,.Dipnoi, Classification, Habits And Life Cycle Of Dipnoi, Lepidosiren paradoxa, Affinities of Dipnoi, Resemblance with Amphibians, Specialised Characters of Dipnoi; Questions and Answers

6. ACTINOPTERYGII (Higher Bony Fishes)

Palaeonisciformes, Polypteriformes, Acipenseriformes, Amiiformes, The Teleosteans, Some Teleostean fishes; Questions and Answers

7. EPIDERMIS AND EXOSKELETON

Histology, Epithelial Cells, Mucous Cells, Club Cells, Sacciform Cells, Functions Of The Integument; Colouration, Change in colour, Mechanism Of Colour Change, Significance and Uses of Colouration, Exoskeleton, Placoid Scale, Cycloid Scale, Ctenoid Scale, Cosmoid Scale, Ganoid Scale, Uses Of Scales; Questions and Answers

8. FINS AND THEIR ORIGIN

Structure of the fin, Median Fins, Caudal Fin and its Types; Paired Fins, Origin of Paired Fins; Questions and Answers

9. SKELETAL SYSTEM

Axial Skeleton, Vertebral Column, Structure of a Trunk Vertebra, Structure of a Complex Vertebra, Structure of a Pre-caudal and Caudal Vertebra, Urostyle, Median Fins, Ribs, Skull, The Visceral Skeleton, The Mandibular arch, The Hyoid Arch, The Opercular Bones, Branchial Arches, The Appendicular Skeleton, Pectoral Girdle, Pelvic Girdle; Questions and Answers

10. CARDIO-VASCULAR SYSTEM

Structure of the heart in Scoliodon, Structure of the heart in teleosts, Histology,Innervation,Working of the teleostean heart, Afferent and Efferent Branchial Vessels in Scoliodon, Afferent and efferent vessels in Teleosts, Composition of Blood, Polymorphism in haemoglobin; Questions and Answers

11. STRUCTURE AND FUNCTION OF GILLS

Structure of a Gill, Gill Arch, Gill Filaments, Gill Lamellae, Gill Epithelium, Blood Supply of a Gill, Ventilation of Gills, Other organs of respiration, Pseudobranch, Structure, Histology,Functions; Questions and Answers

12. AIR BREATHING ORGANS

Skin, Gills, Alimentary Canal, Air Bladder, Buccopharynx, Opercular Cavity, Respiratory Membrane, Air Breathing Organs of Heteropneustes, Air breathing Organs of Anabas,. Air breathing organs of Trichogaster, Air breathing Organs of Clarias batrachus, Air Breathing Organs of Mudskippers, Diurnal fluctuations aerial respiration, Origin and Significance of the air breathing organ; Questions and Answers

13. SWIM BLADDER AND ITS MODIFICATIONS

Structural modifications, Dipnoi, Teleostei, Blood supply of the Air Bladder, Structure of The Bladder Wall, Gas Secreting Complex, Connection with the ear, Functions of the Swim Bladder, Respiratory Function, Sound Production, Auditory Function, Sensory Function, As a Hydrostatic Organ, Mechanism of Gas secretion, Absorption of gas, Origin of the Swim Bladder; Questions and Answers

14. WEBERIAN OSSICLES

Structure and Arrangement, Connection with the Membranous Labyrinth, Mechanism of Working of Ossicles, Functions of The Weberian Ossicles, Origin and homologies of the Weberian Ossicles; Questions and Answers

15. EXCRETION AND OSMOREGULATION

Structure of the Kidney, Freshwater Teleosts, Histology of the Kidney, Function, Osmoregulation, Stenohaline and Euryhaline Fishes, Role of Hormones; Questions and Answers

16. FOOD, FEEDING HABITS AND DIGESTION

Feeding Habits of Teleosts, Camivorouss Fishes, Herbivorous Fishes, Omnivorous Fishes, Plankton Feeders, Surface, Column-and Bottom Feeders, Seasonal Variations of Food, Feeding Intensity, Methods for Food Analysis, Numerical Method, Volumetric Method, Gravimetric Method, Digestion and absorption of Food, Adaptations for Foraging; Questions and Answers

17. ALIMENTARY CANAL AND ITS MODIFICATIONS

Alimentary Canal of Scoliodon (dog fish), Alimentary Canal of a teleost, Histology of the Alimentary Canal, Digestive Glands, Alimentary Canal of the Fry, Modifications of the Alimentary Canal in Teleosts, Buccopharynx, Oesophagus, Stomach, Intestine, Intestinal, Pyloric or Intestinal caeca, Rectum, Digestive Glands, Questions and Answers

18. REPRODUCTION, MATURATION AND SPAWNING

Reproductive Organs of the male fish, Histology of the Testis,Interstitial the Lobule Boundary Cells, Reproductive Organ of the female fish, Oocyte stages, Maturation and Spawning, Stages of maturity in the female, Seasonal Changes and Gonadosomatic Index (GSI), Origin and Extrusion of nucleoli, Follicular Atresia, Process of Atresia, Causes and Functional Significance, The Discharged follicle, Regulation of Oocyte Maturation by Hormones, Fecundity, Migration for Spawning, Spawning habits; Questions and Answers

19. FERTILIZATION, DEVELOPMENT AND GROWTH

Ovulation and Fertilization, Embryonic Development, Cleavage, Fate Map of the Blastula, Gastrulation, Hatching and Postembryonic Development, Larval Develolopment, Growth and Age of a fish, Factors Influencing Growth of a Fish,(Condition factor) Regulation of Growth, Growth Periodicity, Methods For Determining Age and Growth, Practical Utility of Determining Age and Growth; Questions and Answers

20. SEX DIMORPHISM, MATING AND PARENTAL CARE

Sex Dimorphism, Copulatory Organ in the Male, Structures Not Related With Copulation,Courtship, Parental Care, Building of a Nest, Other Methods, Viviparous Fishes, Hormonal Control, Evolution of Mating System in Teleosts; Questions and Answers

21. BRAIN AND THE CRANIAL NERVES

Fore brain, Mid Brain, Hind Brain, Spinal Cord, Nerves; Questions and Answers

22. ELECTRIC ORGANS

Structure of the Electric Organs, Electric Organs of Torpedo and Narcine, Electrophorus electricus, Malapterurus, Uranoscopus (Astroscopus), Work Electric Fishes, Origin of the Electsic Organs, Mechanism of the Electric Discharge, Functions of the Electric Organs; Questions and Answers

23. THE LATERAL LINE SYSTEM

Lateral Line Canal, Structure of the Neuromasts, Functions of the Lateral Line System, Adaptations to the mode of life, Specialised Lateral line organs (Electroreceptors), Ampullary Organ, Tuberous Organ, Functions of Electroreceptors; Questions and Answers

24. BIOLUMINESCENCE AND SOUND PRODUCTION

Luminiscent organs, Mechanism of Control, Significance of light, Sound Producing Organs, Stridulating Organs, Sound Produced by Air Bladder, Hearing in Fishes, Biological Significance; Questions and Answers

25. OLFACTORY, AUDITORY AND PHOTORECEPTORS

Olfactory organs, Olfactory Rosette, Structure of the Olfactory Epithelium, Structure of The Olfactory Bulb and Tract, Histochemistry of The Olfactory Epithelium, Mechanism of Water Current, Functions of The Olfactory Organs, Membranous Labyrinth, Structure, The Hair Cells, Photoreceptors, Structure, Accommodation; Questions and Answers

26. LOCOMOTION IN FISHES

Muscles in Locomotion, Fin Muscles, Dark and White Muscles, Forces Acting on the Body During Swimming, Other Methods of Locomotion; Questions and Answers

27. MIGRATION OF FISHES

Migratory Species, Types of Migration, Periodicity of Migration, Distance,speed and duration of migration, Methods of migration, Marking or tagging of the fish, Patterns of migration, Diadromous fishes, Potamodromous fishes, Oceanodromous fishes. Causes of migration, Advantiges of migration, Factors influencing migration, Role of hormones, Orientation during migration, Life history of fresh water Eel, Anguilla, Leptocephalus Larva (Lepto=small, cephalus=head), American and European eels; Questions and Answers

28. ENDOCRINE AND NEUROSECRETORY SYSTEM

The Pituitary gland, Rostral Pars Distalis, Proximal Pars Distalis, Pars Intermedia, Neurohypophysis, Cell Types and Hormones of the Pituitary gland, Gonadotropins (FSH and LH Cells), Thyrotropins (TSH cells), Somatotrops (STH Cells), Corticotrops (ACTH Cells), Prolactin Cells Hormones of Pars Intermedia and Neurohypophysis, Neuro-Endocrine regulation of the Pituitary gland, Thyroid Gland, Functions, Interrenal Tissue, Chromaffin Tissue, Pancreatic Islets, Histology, Functional Significance of Cell Types, Corpuscles of Stannius, Ultimobranchial Glands, Gonads, Gastro-intestinal hormones, Pineal organ, Structure, Functions, Urophysis (Caudal Neurosecretory system), Pheromones; Questions and Answers

29. LARVIVOROUS FISHES

Relative Utility of Larvicidal Fishes, Indigenous Species, Relative Efficiency; Questions and Answers

30. ADAPTATIONS IN THE HILLSTREAM FISHES

Conditions in the hillstreams, Modifications In The Fish Fauna, External Shape and Form of the Body, Scales, Positon of the Mouth and Lips, Barbels, Paired Fins, Caudal Fin and Caudal Peduncle, Eyes, Gill Apertures and Branchiostegal Rays, Skeleton, Air Bladder, Adhesive Apparatus, Histological Structure, Mechanism of Adhesion, Origin of the Hillstream Fishes; Questions and Answers

31. ADAPTATIONS IN THE DEEPSEA FISHES

Conditions in the Deep sea, Adaptations Shown by Mesopelagic Fishes, Adaptations in Bathypelagic Fishes, Adaptations in Benthic Fishes, Food and Feeding Habits, Eyes and other Sense Organs, Bioluminescence, Methods for maintaining buoyancy, Adaptations for reproduction and spawning; Questions and Answers

32. EXOTIC FISHES

Important Exotic Fishes; Effect on Indigenous fish stocks; Questions and Answers

33. FISHERY RESOURCES AND ECONOMIC VALUE

Economic Value, Fish as Food, Fish as Food for Cattle, Fish Oil, Fish Manure and Guano, Fish Silage, Fish Glue and Isinglass, Fish Leather, Fish Sausage and Soup, Fish Flour and Biscuits, Artificial Pearl, For preparing Insulin, Biological control, For Decoration, Harmful Fish; Questions and Answers

34. INLAND FISHERIES RESOURCES

Riverine Fisheries, The Ganga River System, The Brahmaputra River System, The East Coast River System, The Indus River System, Reservoir Fisheries, Cold Water Fisheries of The Lakes, Riverine Resources of Cold Water Fishery; Trout Culture, Mahseer Culture; Questions and Answers

35. ESTUARINE FISHERIES

Open Estuaries, Embanked Estuary, Principal Fisheries of Brackish Water; Questions and Answers

36. MARINE FISHERIES

Fishery Resources, Coastal Fisheries, Factors Influencing Fish Production along the West and East Coast, Principal Capture Fisheries, Hilsa Fishery, Sardine Fishery, Mackerel Fishery, Bombay Duck Fishery, Ribbon Fish Fishery, Eel Fishery, Pomfret Fishery, Polynemids, Sole Fish Fishery, Catfish Fishery, Shark and Ray Fishery, Crustacean Fishery, Molluscan Fishery; Questions and Answers

37. FISHING CRAFTS AND GEAR

Fishing Crafts, Fishing Gear, Spear and Harpoon, Fish poison, hook and line Fish Traps, Types of Nets, Use of Electric Current, Modernisation of Fishing Methods, choice of gears; Questions and Answers

38. PRESERVATION AND PROCESSING OF FISH

Spoilage of fish, Rigor Mortis, Causes of the Spoilage of fish, Preservation of fish, Chilling, Freezing, Deep Freezing and Freeze-drying, Sun Drying, Salting, Brining, Smoking, Canning, Use of Chemicals and Radiation, Processing of fish, Food Poisoning by Fish; Questions and Answers

39. FISH CULTURE

Physical factors affecting fish culture, Depth of Water, Temperature, Light, Turbidity, Chemical factors influencing fish culture, Dissolved Oxygen, Carbon Dioxide, pH Level, Hardness of Water, Dissolved Inorganic and Organic Compounds, Biota of the Pond Water, Carrying Capacity of a Pond, Types of pond for culture, Hatching Pits, Spawning Pond, Nursery Pond, Rearing Pond, Growing Pond or Stocking Pond, Construction of a fish farm, Kinds of Fish Culture, Extensive Fish Culture, Intensive Fish Culture, Semi-intensive fish Culture, Cultivable Species of Fish, Breeding habits, Cultivable species, Growth and Fecundity of Cultivable species, Important cultivable species. Questions and Answers

40. POND MANAGEMENT

Prestocking Management of Ponds, Preparation of the Nursery Ponds, Eradication of Predatory and Weed Fishes, Control of Aquatic Insects, Fertilization of the Pond, Stocking, Poststocking Management, Feeding, Thinning and Harvesting. Questions and Answers

41. FISH SEED RESOURCES AND THEIR TRANSPORT

Fish seed from Rivers, Hatcheries, Hapas, Fertilization of Eggs by Stripping, Bundh Breeding of fishes, Transport of fish seed, Transport of fingerlings and Brood Fish. Questions and Answers

42. INDUCED BREEDING BY HORMONES

Induced Breeding of Carps, Collection of Gland, Preservation and Storage, Preparation of Extract and its Preservation, Selection of Breeders, Preparation of Injection and Dosage, Breeding Hapa and Spawning, Use of Natural and Synthetic Hormones, Ecological Factors Influencing Spawning, Induced Breeding of Fishes Other Than Carps. Questions and Answers

43. COMPOSITE FISH CULTURE, CAGE CULTURE AND USE OF SEWAGE FOR FISH CULTURE

Prawn Culture with carps, Culture of Asexual Fish, Monosex Culture, Cage Culture, Feeding of Fish in Cages, Use of sewage in fish culture. Questions and Answers

44. INTEGRATED FISH FARMING

Fish farming with agriculture (Paddy), Fish species suitable for culture in paddy fields, Simultaneous Culture of Fish and Paddy, Rotational Culture of Rice and Fish, Banana-Fish Culture, Fish Farming with live stock, Integrated Fish-cum-Pig Farming, Fish-cum-Duck Farming, Fish-cum-Poultry Farming, Chick-Pig-Fish Culture, Cattle-Fish Culture. Questions and Answers

45. PRAWN CULTURE AND PROCESSING

Collection and Production of prawn seed, Culture of Prawns, Paddy-cum-Prawn Culture, Culture of fresh water prawn, Ablation of Eye Stalk, Life cycle and culture of giant prawn, Culture Technology; Questions and Answers

46. PREPARATION AND MAINTENANCE OF AQUARIUM

Setting of an Aquarium, Plants of the Aquarium, Common Aquarium Fishes, Food For Aquarium Fishes, Maintenance; Questions and Answers

47. DISEASES OF FISH

Diseases caused by bacteria and viruses, Dropsy, Furunculosis, Tail Rot or Fin Rot, Fungal disease, Diseases caused by Protozoan parasites, Helminth Parasites, Copepod Parasites, Anchor Worm (Lernea), Fish Louse (Argulus), Eragasilus, Annelid and Mollusc Parasites, Fish, Leech, Glochidium, Parasites of the Visceral Organs, Control of Fish diseases and Parasites. Questions and Answers

48. WATER POLLUTION AND FISHERIES

Causes of water Pollution, Soil Erosion and Domestic Sewage, Industrial Wastes and Effluents, Sedimentation, Fertilizers, Pesticides and Insecticides, Radioactive Pollution, Thermal Pollution, Oil Pollution, Acidification, Mining Wastes, Effect of Pollutants on Fish, Precautions; Questions and Answers

49. SOME ASPECTS OF FISH GENETICS

Chromosomes, Gene and Chromosome Mutation, Sex chromosomes, sex determination, Polyploidy, Hybridization; Questions and Answers

50. GENETICS, BIOTECHNOLOGY AND AQUACULTURE

Quantitative Genetics, Chrmosome Ploidy Manipulation, Gynogenesis, Androgenesis,Transgenic fish, Genes used in Transgenic Fish Production, Future of Transgenic studies for aquaculture; Questions and Answers

51. FISHERY MANAGEMENT AND CONSERVATION

Conservation of Genetic Diversity, Conservation of ecological diversity, IUCN red list categories, Present status of Fisheries, Threatened Freshwater Fishes, Characteristics of an Endangered Fish, Measures for Fish Conservation, In-Situ Conservation, Ex-Situ Conservation, Cryopreservation of Gametes, Technique of Cryopreservation, Other Applications of Cryopreserved Sperms, Questions and Answers

52. FISHERIES ECONOMICS AND EXTENSION

Fishery Resources as Common Property Resources, Maximum Sustainable Yield (MSY),Maximum Economic Yield (MEY), Optimum Sustainable Yield (OSY), Fisheries Extension Programmes, Fish Farmer’s Development Agencies (FFDAs), Other Agencies, Questions andAnswers

53. ADVANCES IN FISHINRY SCIENCE

Introduction, Use of Genetics in Aquaculture, Use of Biotechnology in Aquaculture, Advances in cryopreservation of Fish Gametes, Use of DNA Barcoding and Mitochondrial DNA,Advances in Fish Diversity Conservation, Vaccines for fish in Aquaculture, Other advances,Questions and Answers

Index

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